Reports Apr 30, 2014 | 3:02 PMby IM David Martínez

Eljanov triumphs in Shamkir B

Ukrainian Grandmaster Pavel Eljanov has pulled off an impressive triumph in the Gashimov Memorial B Tournament, finishing half a point clear of reigning European Champion Alexander Motylev and a full point ahead of 2700 GMs Wang Hao and Etienne Bacrot

Eljanov eased to victory by drawing with Nijat Abasov in the final round | photo: Ahmed Mukhtar, official website

1Wojtaszek Radoslaw2716POL01 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0½4.5  
2Eljanov Pavel2732UKR1 ½ 1 0 1 1 ½½ ½6  
3Motylev Alexander2685RUS 0 ½ 1 0 1 1½1 ½5.5  
4Safarli Eltaj2656AZE 0 0 0 ½ ½½½ ½ ½3  
5Wang Hao2734CHN ½ 1 1 ½½½ ½ 0 ½5 2 
6Bacrot Etienne2722FRA ½ 0 0 ½½ 1 ½ 115 3 
7Guseinov Gadir2621AZE ½ 0 0½½ 0 1 ½ 14 2 16
8Abasov Nijat2516AZE ½ ½½½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½4 0 
9Mamedov Rauf2660AZE 1½0 ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 04 2 18
10Durarbayli Vasif2584AZE½ ½ ½ ½ ½0 0 ½ 14 1 

The key to Eljanov’s victory was a fine end to the tournament, as after losing in the 6th round to China’s Wang Hao he managed to finish with 2.5/3, including a magnificent game with Black against the then leader, Etienne Bacrot. The Frenchman, in contrast, had a disastrous end to the tournament, scoring only a single point in four rounds.

Our Spanish editor IM David Martínez takes a very instructive look at the crucial game:

1. d4 d5 2. c4 c6 3. ♘f3 ♘f6 4. ♘c3 e6 5. ♗g5 h6 The Moscow Variation can lead to serious complications in case of 6. Bh4 or calmer positions if, as was to be expected, the bishop is exchanged on f6.

6. ♗xf6 ♕xf6 7. e3 g6 8. ♗e2 ♗g7 9. 0-0 0-0 10. e4 Bacrot follows the same line with which he beat Fressinet in 2012. Eljanov shows some deep preparation and introduces a novelty which involves a pawn sacrifice.

10... ♘d7! Bravo! Previously Black would give up the centre with dxe4 or the queen would return to its starting position to defend d5. Eljanov ignores the threat with a positional pawn sacrifice.

11. cxd5 exd5 12. exd5 Bacrot accepts the challenge.

12... c5! Eljanov's idea is that in exchange for the d5-pawn the black pieces will get a host of good squares. When the d4-pawn disappears the g7-bishop threatens to become very important, so in the following moves Bacrot seeks to eliminate all its possible targets.

13. ♘e4 ♕b6 14. dxc5 ♘xc5 15. ♘xc5 ♕xc5 16. ♖c1 ♕b4 17. b3 The position is very instructive because White is apparently a healthy pawn up and has no problems on the long diagonal nor any obvious weaknesses... but he's not better. Why not? Because he has no plans to improve. 

Consider his pieces - what squares can he find for his knight? Not so many... The g7-bishop takes away the two central squares and if you want to play c4 it can be met by b5. It's not clear where the white bishop can go except for the plan that Bacrot implements by switching it to g2. The white rook on c1 is his best-placed piece as it can enter on the 7th rank, but to act on the 7th it needs some company. 

The black pieces, meanwhile, have good squares and the ultimate target is the d5-pawn. If Black captures it he can fight for the advantage. As we'll see, however, Eljanov proves to be even more ambitious.

17... ♗f5 What is Eljanov telling us with this move and especially with rejecting the more normal 17...Rd8? That he doesn't want to capture the pawn! As we'll see, he's not going to put pressure on it but instead place his pieces in active positions all around it, which will induce Bacrot to sacrifice the pawn himself in 11 moves just to try and get some activity. A really deep and very modern understanding of positional dynamics.

17... ♖d8 before playing Bf5 prevents Bd3 and is the most natural move. The d5-pawn would eventually fall and no doubt allow Bacrot to equalise with no trouble. But Eljanov wants more!

18. ♗d3 ♗d7 19. h3 Another revealing move. Bacrot has already realised that his position is difficult and intends to remove Black's active options.

19. ♖c7! was the only active option Bacrot had or will have in the game. 19... ♖ad8 (19... ♗g4 is impossible due to 20. ♖c4 ) 20. ♕e2 ♕b6 (20... ♖fe8? loses immediately to 21. ♖xd7 ♖xe2 22. ♖xd8+ ) 21. ♖fc1 ♖fe8 22. ♕c2 where the activity on the c-file might be enough to equalise. Let's look at an example: 22... ♗g4 23. ♗e4 ♗b2 (23... f5 24. ♗d3 ♗xf3 25. gxf3 ♗e5 26. d6! followed by Qc4) 24. ♕xb2 ♖xe4 25. ♕d2 defending d5, while also attacking h6

19... ♖ac8 20. ♕d2 ♕d6! Keeping pieces on!

21. ♗e2 a6 Once again not rushing at all. This move can serve both to support a future b5 but also to limit the white bishop even more, taking away the b5-square from which it could deprive the black rooks of the important e8-square.

22. ♖fd1 ♖fe8 23. ♗f1 The bishop finally goes in search of a square where it can be useful.

23... ♗f5 24. g3 ♖xc1 25. ♕xc1 This move and the following moves are a little surprising.

25. ♖xc1 ♖d8 26. ♖d1 is the most normal move and the white position is solid enough to secure the draw.

25... ♖c8 26. ♕f4 Permanently weakening his pawn structure without gaining any benefits except for exchanging queens.

26... ♕xf4 27. gxf4 ♗f8 28. d6? Bacrot is totally disorientated and immediately jettisons his pawn.

28. ♘e5 , followed by Nc4-e4, would have held onto the pawn, and although Black would keep pressing at least White would have an extra pawn!

28... ♖d8 29. d7 ♖xd7

29... ♔g7! was better because it would make it possible to hold onto the bishop pair: 30. ♗g2 ♖xd7 31. ♖xd7 ♗xd7 32. ♘e5 ♗c8 and Black is prepared to start a slow expansion, beginning with f6.

30. ♖xd7 ♗xd7 31. ♘e5 ♗e8

31... ♗c8 is no longer possible due to 32. ♗c4! and f6 isn't legal.

31... ♗e6 32. ♗c4 Swapping off the bishop pair.

32. ♗g2 b6 33. ♗c6 ♗xc6 34. ♘xc6 ♗d6 35. f5! Getting rid of the doubled pawns, although his pawn structure remains loose.

35... ♔g7

35... gxf5 wins a pawn but greatly facilitates White's task. For example: 36. ♘d4 f4 37. ♘f5 ♗f8 38. h4 with the idea of h5, fixing the weakness on h6. 38... h5 39. ♔g2 Kf3 will follow, and if Black is careless he could even lose.

36. fxg6 fxg6 37. ♔g2 ♔f6 38. ♔f3 ♔f5 The ending, if defended perfectly in the hands of Karjakin, would be a draw, but it's a real nightmare to play. Bacrot tries to fix the structure on the queenside, or at least to exchange the pawns, which is advisable if possible, but not so convincing in this case.

39. a4 h5 40. b4 g5 41. ♘d4+

41. b5 a5 fixes the pawns, but in reality the pawn on a4 is potentially very weak.

41. a5 b5 is hard to recommend given the b4-pawn will come under a permanent attack.

41... ♔e5 42. ♘c2 ♗c7 White is in zugzwang as he can't move his knight as the king would enter via d4, so White has to opt for the move in the game, which allows Kd5. However, it was better to keep up the pressure on b4.

42... ♔d5 fails to 43. ♘e3+ and if 43... ♔d4 then 44. ♘f5+

42... ♗e7 43. ♔e3 ♗f8 44. ♔d3 (44. ♔f3 ♔d5 45. ♘e3+ ♔d4 is possible because Nf5 no longer hits the bishop.) 44... ♔f4 45. ♔e2 ♔e4 Black's superiority is very clear. White has nothing better than 46. f3+ and now Black can return to forcing zugzwang: 46... ♔e5 47. ♔e3 h4! Fixing the h3-pawn. 48. ♔e2 (48. ♔f2 ♔d5 ) 48... ♔f4 49. ♔f2 a5 Winning the square for the bishop. 50. bxa5 bxa5 51. ♔g2 ♗c5 and once more zugzwang. The black king will inevitably enter the white position.

43. ♔e3 ♔d5

43... ♗d6! Returning to the previous position.

44. ♔d3 ♗d8 45. f3 ♗e7 46. ♘e3+ ♔e5 It's conceivable that Eljanov calculated up to this point and evaluated the position as won.

47. ♘c4+?

47. ♔c4 seems to lose to the sacrifice 47... ♗xb4 48. ♔xb4 ♔f4 but after looking for a while the machine has convinced me that it's a draw: 49. ♘f1 ♔xf3 50. ♘d2+! ♔e3 (50... ♔g3 51. ♘e4+ This check is the key to all the variations. 51... ♔xh3 52. ♘xg5+ ♔g4 53. ♘e4 and the knight is able to prevent the h-pawn from queening.) 51. ♔c3 b5 52. axb5 axb5 53. ♔c2 b4 Trying to find a zugzwang, but after 54. ♘c4+ ♔f4 55. ♘d2 White waits for the king to come to g3 before giving a check on e4, once more forcing a draw.

47... ♔f4 48. ♘xb6

48. ♔e2 doesn't solve the problems, and after 48... ♗xb4 49. ♘xb6 ♔g3 the h3-pawn falls.

48... ♔xf3 49. ♘d5 ♗d6 50. ♘f6 ♗xb4 51. ♘xh5 Despite material being so reduced Black wins easily. Of course it's essential that the pawn queens on a dark square...

51... ♔g2 52. ♔e4 ♔xh3 53. ♔f5 ♗e7!

53... g4 would be a serious error - 54. ♘f4+ ♔h4 55. ♘g2+ ♔g3 56. ♘e3 and a draw.

54. ♔e6 ♗d8 55. ♔d7 ♗a5 56. ♘f6 ♗e1 Ensuring the pawn a long life.

57. ♔c8 a5 A good game from Eljanov who maintained a very high standard, demonstrating good theoretical preparation, great understanding of dynamics, a will to win and finally good technique in the ending. With play like this winning tournaments is to be expected!


Deserved winner Pavel Eljanov talks about his triumph | photo: Ahmed Mukhtar, official website

Although the table shows that the foreigners occupied the top five places you can’t count that as a failure for all the Azerbaijani players. A highlight was the performance of 18-year-old Nijat Abasov (2516), who despite being by far the lowest-rated participant lost only a single game, drawing all the rest!

Let’s hope the organisers will continue to hold such a strong accompanying event if the main super-tournament continues in the years to come.

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