Tomorrow, 8 March, is International Women's Day. We'll be celebrating here on chess24 with a big women's team event featuring players from chess24, CoChess, Chessable and PlayMagnus. First, however, Sean Marsh takes a look at the history and aims of the day.
Before we return to the specific world of chess, it is useful to put the occasion into context and to understand the aims of the day.
The History of the Day
The day was created following the proposal of Clara Zetkin at the 1910 International Conference of Working Women, which was held in Copenhagen.
Clara Zetkin - Leader of the 'Women's Office' for the Social Democratic Party in Germany - proposed that every year, on a certain day, every country in the world should celebrate Women's Day. The basic idea was to enable women to press for their demands in a male-dominated world.
International Women's Day took some years to become fully established and calendar confusion between the Julian and Georgian formats meant it was a while before the date of 8 March was universally accepted.
The Aims of International Women's Day
The website for International Women's Day lists four main aims for the day:
There is also a theme for 2021 and that is 'Choose To Challenge', because 'A challenged world is an alert world. And from challenge comes change.'
Challenges in the World of Chess
Common Question: 'Can women play chess as well as men?'
Answer: 'Of course they can!'
Vera Menchik won the inaugural Women's World Chess Championship in 1927 and held the title until her death in 1944. Menchik also competed successfully against men in chess tournaments.
Much has been said about the unofficial Vera Menchik Club. According to legend, this was 'created' by the chess master Albert Becker, initially in derogatory fashion. Becker suggested that any man losing to Menchik should become a member of the club. With poetic justice, Becker became the first 'member' of the club when he lost to Menchik at the great Carlsbad tournament of 1929.
Join the Club
Vera Menchik - Albert Becker
White to play
This is a thoroughly miserable position for Black. Every one of White's pieces stands better than Black's. It is no surprise that the game didn't last much longer.
Attacking the rook and threatening a knight fork on d6.
39...cxb5 wasn't any good either because of 40.Rxc7. 39...Re7 was as good as anything else, but Black should still lose after 40.Nd6+ and 41.Nxc8.
Forking the king and the rook. Becker resigned. 1-0.
Becker ended up in illustrious company; Menchik's victims included luminaries such as Max Euwe (World Champion, 1935-7), Samuel Reshevsky, Mir Sultan Kahn, Edgard Colle and numerous other notable players.
Breaking Down the Boundaries
Judit Polgár broke down more chess boundaries than any other woman. Her fearsome attacking style brought Judit victories against no fewer than 11 World Champions - including Magnus Carlsen, Garry Kasparov, Anatoly Karpov and Boris Spassky. What's more, the games usually featured Judit's renowned tactical flair.
Judit Polgár - Anatoly Karpov
7th Essent Tournament, 2003
White to Play
Karpov resigned this hopeless position. 26...Kg8 27.Bxg7 Kxg7 28.Rg3+ Kf6 29.Qg5 checkmate is a sample line of what is in store for Black.
I featured some more of Judit's attacking games in a post on Chessable on Friday.
Anna Rudolf featured games by Judit Polgar and the current women's no. 1 Hou Yifan in a chess24 video series Great Games by Women.
The famous Netflix series, The Queen's Gambit, has taken the world by storm. The question I have been asked the most often over the course of the last few months is 'Have you seen it?'
Despite the series containing material inappropriate for a younger audience, it has helped to change the perceptions of many viewers who have always been led to believe that 'chess is a man's game.' Presumably a sequel is in the pipeline. If it isn't, chess will lose its important foothold in popular culture, just when it had a real chance of achieving something highly significant.
Young people need role models. Turn on the news and you will gain the impression they are currently in extremely short supply. Look a little closer to home and you will still find them.
Role models do not have to be grandmasters of chess. More important qualities include the ability to communicate and inspire, to be hardworking, respectful and not afraid to be true to themselves. None of those qualities requires a title.
I work with many inspirational women, including the following.
Woman FIDE Master Sarah Longson is a Chessable author but more importantly is the organiser (together with Alex Longson) of the Delancey UK Schools' Chess Challenge, which inspires as many girls as boys in hundreds of schools.
There's a Chessable interview with Sarah, here.
In Austria, Kineke Mulder specialises in taking chess into the community and influences the lives of many people, including numerous refugees. This is inspirational outreach work at its finest. The story is covered in a three-part interview.
Jo Hutchinson has achieved so much in the world of chess, ranging from teaching in schools to speaking at the 2019 London Chess Conference - plus virtually everything else in between. Jo's chess story is related here, although her chess activities and experiences have already grown considerably since then.
The aforementioned 2019 London Chess Conference had the theme of Chess and Female Empowerment.
The Conference produced many excellent discussions (some heated!) on that important subject, gave scope for a frank exchange of view and ideas, and acted as a springboard for new initiatives.
Unfortunately, some of the initiatives were sidelined by the subsequent global pandemic, but the discussions are still ongoing and I am sure there will be plenty of new events once the current emergency clears.
Women's Day Events
Today, Sunday 7th March, our chess24 Polish site, in collaboration with the publisher Insignis, is organising a match where four of Poland's most experienced players - they've all won the Polish Women's Championship - take on four up-and-coming youngsters. Each player plays each member of the other team twice at 3+2 blitz. You can follow all the games from 17:00 CET here at chess24. For more details see this Polish article.
Then, on Women's Day itself, we have a big team event featuring female teams from the whole Play Magnus Group.
The 3+0 blitz tournament starts at 20:00 CET with Pepe Cuenca and Raluca Sgircea providing live commentary here on chess24. We're also going to be treated to guest appearances by the greatest female chess player of all time, Judit Polgar, as well as Juga di Prima, who will be presenting her new song, CHESS DIVAS.
The Chessable Sale
There's a new Chessable sale to commemorate International Women's Day, with an opportunity to see some of the finest authors and presenters in action.
The sale will not last long, so don't leave it too late to pick up a bargain.
For those who are waiting with their question: 'Will we also celebrate International Men's Day on the blog?' the answer is yes; I have the date of Friday 19 November 2021 marked in my diary.
You don't have to be a man to play chess and you don't have to be a woman to propagate equality. It is a misconception that men cannot be feminists. If we go by the standard definition of 'Feminism is the belief in full social, economic, and political equality for women' then, of course, we should all be proud to be called feminists.
Let us remember: 'A challenged world is an alert world. And from challenge comes change.'
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