Curso de Ajedrez Posicional

Seguridad del rey

Seguridad del rey

1. d4 g6 2. c4 ♗g7 3. ♘c3 d6 4. e4 ♘c6 5. d5 ♘d4 6. ♗d3 c5 7. ♘ge2 ♘xe2 8. ♗xe2 ♘f6 9. f4 O-O 10. g4 a6 11. a4 ♗d7 12. h4 El blanco ha jugado de manera muy agresiva y ahora plantea algunas amenazas contra el rey negro. Tal vez quiera jugar h5 buscando un rápido mate a través de la columna h. Otra idea podría ser f5, el avance e5 siempre está en el aire...en resumen, muchos peligros acechan al rey negro y es fácil ponerse un poco nervioso.

12... ♘e8 Clásica jugada de pánico. El caballo huye antes de ser amenazado, pero realmente no pinta nada en e8 y pierde un tiempo vital.

Con el centro abierto es difícil que un ataque de flanco llegue a buen puerto, por lo tanto la solución correcta ha de ser romper con e6. 12... e6 Ahora el negro tiene contrajuego a través de la columna e y de repente el rey blanco no parece del todo feliz en e1.

a) 13. g5 ♘h5 Necesario. Frenar momentaneamente el ataque blanco es mucho más importante que un mísero peón.( 13... ♘e8 14. h5 Una vez que no hay contrajuego en el centro el ataque de flanco gana muchos enteros.) 14. ♗xh5 No es obligado comer en h5, pero es interesante observar lo que ocurre si el blanco acepta el reto y captura el peón. 14... gxh5 15. ♕xh5 ♖e8 Mirando de reojo al peón de e4. La posición sigue siendo complicada, pero parece claro que el centro blanco va a sufrir bastante presión en las próximas jugadas. Una posible continuación sería 16. ♔f2 exd5 17. cxd5 ( 17. exd5 ♕a5 18. ♕f3 ♗f5 Los alfiles dominan el tablero.) 17... ♗xc3 No es fácil cambiar el alfil del fianchetto, pero aquí la iniciativa es lo más importante. 18. bxc3 ♖xe4 19. ♗d2 ♗f5 Sigue habiendo partida, pero el negro parece tener mejores oportunidades.

b) 13. dxe6 ♗c6 Preciosa jugada. La iniciativa es mucho más importante que un peón. Por supuesto hay variantes muy complicadas, pero lo importante es entender el tipo de contrajuego que busca el negro aquí­.( 13... ♗xe6 14. f5 ♗d7 15. g5 ♘e8 16. f6 Hacer Ah8 es reconocer la derrota. Habría que entregar en f6, pero no hay compensación suficiente.)

b1) 14. ♗f3 ♕e7 Para comer de dama en e6 y meter presión en e4.( 14... fxe6 15. ♕d3 ) 15. ♘d5 ♕xe6

b11) 16. f5 ♕e8 17. O-O ( 17. ♘c7 ♕e5 18. ♘xa8 ♘xe4 ) 17... ♗xd5 18. exd5 ♘d7

b12) 16. ♘c7 16... ♕xc4 17. ♘xa8 ♖xa8 La compensación por la calidad es muy clara.

b2) 14. exf7+ 14... ♖xf7 No es sencillo defender e4. 15. ♗f3 ♕e7 16. ♕e2 ♖e8

c) 13. h5 Ahora esta ruptura no parece peligrosa. 13... exd5 14. cxd5 ( 14. exd5 ♖e8 ) 14... ♖e8

13. h5 Ahora Dd3 seguido de Dh3 es difícil de parar.

13... gxh5 14. ♖xh5 b5 Un poco tarde.

15. e5 Para Dd3.

15... bxc4 16. ♗xc4 Hay mate por todos sitios.

16... ♕c8 17. ♕d3 h6 18. f5 ♗xe5 19. ♗xh6 ♗g7 20. ♕h3 f6 21. ♗xg7 ♘xg7 22. ♖h7 ♘xf5 23. ♖h8+

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