Curso de Ajedrez Posicional

El peón retrasado

El peón retrasado

1. d4 ♘f6 2. c4 e6 3. g3 d5 4. ♘f3 ♗e7 5. ♗g2 O-O 6. O-O b6 7. cxd5 exd5 8. ♘c3 ♗b7 9. ♗f4 c5 10. ♘e5 ♘bd7 11. dxc5 ♘xc5 12. ♘b5 ♘fe4 13. ♘d4 ♗f6 14. ♘ef3 ♖e8 15. ♖c1 a5 16. h4 ♕d7 17. ♔h2 ♗a6 18. ♗h3 ♕b7 19. ♖c2 g6 20. ♕c1 ♖e7 21. b3 ♖ae8 22. ♔g1 ♕a8 Una posición de peón de dama aislado realmente tensa. El negro tiene todas sus piezas situadas activamente, pero no está claro cual podría ser su siguiente jugada. Los caballos son muy bonitos, pero se estorban entre ellos. El caballo de e4, por ejemplo, no tiene casilla a la que ir. Las torres dobladas en e impresionan, pero en el fondo su situación es un poco torpe. ¿De verdad presionan en e2? Mientras el caballo siga en e4 no lo parece, y ya hemos dicho que ese caballo no se puede mover.

23. a3 El blanco encuentra una idea bastante fuerte: jugar b4. El caballo no tiene buenas casillas a las que ir y la columna c va a ser dominada por el blanco. Sin embargo la jugada debilita por un momento las casillas blancas del flanco de dama. Mejor era Td1, poniendo en juego la última pieza y preguntando al negro que quiere hacer.

23... ♘e6 Quedando peor a cambio de nada.

23... a4 Muy fuerte. a3 ha dejado una debilidad en b3 que hay que aprovechar justo en el momento.

a) 24. bxa4 ♗c4 Sin prisa. Antes de capturar en a4 bloqueamos la columna c para evitar cualquier actividad.( 24... ♘xa4 25. ♘c6 ) 25. ♕b1 ♘xa4 Ventaja negra. Ahora la actividad de piezas es de verdad y el peón a3 es mucho débil que el de b6.

b) 24. b4 24... ♘b3 La clave. Cualquier otra retirada del caballo es muy inferior. 25. ♕d1 ( 25. ♘xb3 axb3 La torre no tiene buenas casillas y el peón de b3 está casi coronando.) 25... ♗c4 Con ventaja negra. Esas dos piezas infiltradas en las casillas blancas son muy muy molestas.

24. ♘xe6 fxe6 Si el negro pudiese jugar e5 tal vez esa estructura no fuese tal mala. No es el caso. El peón de e6 sencillamente es muy débil y las casillas negras un coladero. Para colmo las torres negras han quedado muy mal situadas.

25. ♗e5 Ocupando la casilla frente al peón retrasado y cambiando alfiles para poder aprovechar mejor las debilidades en las casillas negras.

25... ♖c8 26. ♖xc8+ ♕xc8 27. ♕xc8+ El final es ventajoso, pero había cosas mejores.

27. ♗xf6 ♘xf6 ( 27... ♕xc1 28. ♖xc1 ♘xf6 29. ♖c6 ) 28. ♕g5 Las casillas negras son un coladero y el peón e6 un problema constante. Además la torre viene a c1. Todas las piezas juegan. 28... ♕f8 ( 28... ♔g7 29. h5 ) 29. ♕e5 ♗c8 30. ♖c1 Se vienen jugadas como Tc6 o Tc7, Cd4 o Cg5...algún peón va a caer.

27... ♗xc8 28. ♖c1 ♗b7 29. b4 El final ya no es claro. El blanco aprieta, pero con una buena defensa debería ser tablas.

29. ♗xf6 ♘xf6 30. ♘g5

29... axb4 30. axb4 ♔f7 31. ♖a1 ♔e8

31... ♗xe5 32. ♘xe5+ ♔f6 El caballo no está estable en e5. 33. ♘g4+ ( 33. ♘f3 e5 De repente el negro está incluso mejor.) 33... ♔g7 Se amenaza e5. 34. ♗g2 ♘d6 ( 34... e5 35. ♗xe4 dxe4 36. ♖a7 ) 35. f4 Para fijar en e5. La ventaja es muy pequeña.

32. ♖a7 ♗c8 33. ♖a8 ♔d7 34. ♗xf6 ♘xf6 35. ♘d4 ♔c7 36. ♖a7+ ♗b7 37. ♗xe6 ♔d8 38. e3 ♘e8 39. g4 ♘d6 40. g5 ♘e8 41. ♔g2 ♘g7 42. ♗g4 ♔c7 43. ♖a3 ♔b8 44. ♖c3 ♘e8 45. b5 ♘d6 46. ♘c6+ ♗xc6 47. ♖xc6 ♘c4 48. ♖c8+ ♔b7 49. ♖d8 ♖e4 50. ♗f3 ♔c7 51. ♖xd5 ♖e8 52. ♖d1 ♘e5 53. ♗d5 ♖f8 54. ♔g3 ♖f5 55. f4



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