Curso de Ajedrez Posicional

Debilidades en la estructura

Bai, Jinshi 0:1 Wei, Yi (, 2016)

1. d4 d5 2. ♘f3 c6 3. c4 e6 4. ♕c2 ♗d6 5. g3 f5 6. ♗g2 ♘f6 7. O-O O-O 8. ♘c3 ♘e4 9. ♘xe4 dxe4 10. ♘e5 c5 11. ♗e3 ♕a5 La amenaza del negro es obvia: cxd4 seguido de la captura del caballo de e5.

12. ♕c3 Un serio error. Hay que ser muy consciente de lo mala que es la estructura que permite el blanco. Es decir, va a ser necesario mucho dinamismo para compensarla. ¿Lo hay? No parece.

12. f4 No es deseable tener que jugar f4. Al blanco le gustaría jugar f3 para abrir la posición y liberar a su alfil de g2 y ahora ya no se puede. Pero era necesario para consolidar el caballo. 12... ♘d7 13. ♘xd7 ♗xd7 14. ♖fd1 La posición está equilibrada.

12. ♗d2 ♕c7

12... ♕xc3 13. bxc3 ♗xe5

13... b6 Esto sería una imprecisión. 14. ♗f4 Si ahora Axe5 podemos hacer Axe5 y el alfil no es tal malo como en la partida.

14. dxe5 b6 La estructura de peones blanca es terrible y muy fácilmente atacable. Cc6-Ca5 y Aa6 están viniendo y no va a haber manera de defender c4. Aquí el blanco está sencillamente entregando un peón.

15. f3 La única posibilidad consiste en buscar algo de contrajuego.

15. ♖fd1 ♘c6 16. ♗f4 ♘a5 La columna d no resulta útil y cae el peón c4.

15... ♗b7 16. fxe4 ♗xe4 Cambiando alfiles y dejando al blanco con su horrible alfil de e3 y el claro objetivo del peón débil de c4.

16... fxe4 17. ♗h3

17. ♗xe4 fxe4 18. ♖xf8+ ♔xf8 19. ♖f1+ ♔e8 20. ♖d1

20. ♖f4 ♘c6 No importa perder el peón e4. 21. ♔f2 ( 21. ♖xe4 ♖d8 La torre penetra en la octava y poco a poco van a ir cayendo peones.) 21... ♔e7 22. ♖xe4 ♖f8+ 23. ♔e1 ( 23. ♔g2 ♖f5 ) 23... ♖f5

20... ♘c6 21. ♗f4

21. ♖d6 Tal vez el negro confiase en esta jugada. 21... ♘a5 22. ♖xe6+ ♔f7 La torre no tiene casillas. 23. ♖d6 ♘xc4

21... ♘a5 Finalmente cae el peón.

22. h4 ♘xc4 No sólo el peón era débil. Encima la casilla c4 es buenísima para el caballo.

23. h5 ♖d8 24. ♖f1 h6 25. ♔f2 ♘b2 26. ♖c1 ♖d1 Cambiar torres es lo más simple.

27. ♔g2 ♖xc1 28. ♗xc1 ♘c4 29. ♗f4 a5 En los finales hay que llevar el rey al centro...pero si puedes coronar directamente, no hace falta.

30. ♔f2 a4 31. g4 b5 32. ♔e1 b4 33. ♔d1 b3 34. axb3 a3



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