Tromsø is a city and municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Tromsø.
Tromsø city is the ninth-largest urban area in Norway by population, and the seventh largest city in Norway by population. It is the largest city and the largest urban area in Northern Norway, and the second largest city and urban area north of the Arctic Circle in Sápmi (following Murmansk). Most of Tromsø, including the city centre, is located on the small island of Tromsøya in the county of Troms, 350 kilometres (217 mi) north of the Arctic Circle. Substantial parts of the urban area are also situated on the mainland to the east, and on parts of Kvaløya—a large island to the west. Tromsøya is connected to the mainland by the Tromsø Bridge and the Tromsøysund Tunnel, and to the island of Kvaløya by the Sandnessun Bridge. The city is warmer than most other places located on the same latitude, due to the warming effect of the Gulf Stream.
The city centre of Tromsø contains the highest number of old wooden houses in Northern Norway, the oldest house dating from 1789. The Arctic Cathedral, a modern church from 1965, is probably the most famous landmark in Tromsø. The city is a cultural centre for its region, with several festivals taking place in the summer. Some of Norway's best-known musicians, Torbjørn Brundtland and Svein Berge of the electronica duo Röyksopp and Lene Marlin grew up and started their careers in Tromsø
Tromsø is an arctic city, but because of the Gulf Stream the weather conditions are not arctic. August is still summer, but is colder than most are used to at that time of year.
The month of August is characterised by falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 15°C to 12°C over the course of the month. Temperatures exceed 20°C or drop below 8°C on only one day in ten.
The sun is only gone for a couple of hours each night in August. It rises at 02:30 and sets at 23:15. It will not get dark during the night since the sun is only below the horizon for a few hours - a phenomenon called “white nights”.
You can read more about Tromsø at: www.visittromso.no
Dear contenders and contributors to the Chess Olympiad 2014,
A warm welcome to the city of Tromsø!
Known as the gateway to the Arctic, Tromsø¸ has for centuries been a starting point for polar adventures. Just as centuries ago explorers, hunters and traders organized their Arctic voyages from Tromsø¸, these days an increasing number of international companies, NGOs and research institutes focused on Arctic issues are based in our city.
In Tromsø¸ we repeatedly highlight the importance of meeting places; for the exchange of ideas and inspiration, for reconnecting with old friends and for establishing partnerships for the future. In order to facilitate shared solutions and development we are dependent on dialogue and understanding, across disciplines, borders, cultures and traditional mindsets.
We are delighted and proud to be hosting the 2014 Chess Olympiad. Together with our regional and national partners we will do our utmost to ensure a memorable and joyous Chess Olympiad. Best of luck to each and every one of you!
Thank you for coming to Tromsø. I wish you all a rewarding stay and welcome in august 2014!
Jens Johan Hjort
Mayor of Tromsø